Islamic Cairo highlights

Ankhtours, Egyptian museum, Coptic Cairo , the citadel

Islamic Cairo highlights

Islam started here in Egypt around the 7th century by the leader of the army Amr Ibn El Ass. Amr came all the way from Saudi arabia ordered by the majour caliph Omar ben el khatab. He erected his first capital of el Fustat & mosque in Egypt and all Africa. the 1st Islamic Capital in Egypt called al Fustat, where we have the Coptic Cairo area.

the mosque has been enlarged so many times by different Muslim leaders, so doesn’t keep much of its unique original style.

The second and third period named Abbasid period, Ahmed El Ekhshidi, and Ibn Toloun dynasties :out of the two there is only one remains of Ibn Toloun which considered as the most ancient remains the same since construction date, it’s open for visits on any Islamic Cairo tour.

Islamic Cairo highlights

The Fatimid period was the 4th Islamic dynasty from Moroccan origin, so they erected the old city of Cairo and surrounded it with high walls, Towers, and gates. A copy of the old city of Marakesh, the main city mosque named Al Azhar.

it was the first city named Cairo in the whole world and Egypt named after a star name to bring good luck for the city, and then Followed by many other Cairos in different other countries.

it’s where we have the market of Khan el Khalil close to downtown of Cairo, or known as the souk.

By the end of the Fatimid period the crusaders war I started, so Salahdin Came to Egypt to fight them then attacked the Fatimids and kicked them out of Egypt, started his Auypid period and built alot of fortifications around the whole country. The main for was in Cairo called the citadel of Salahdin.

and another one built in south Sinai, close to sharm el sheikh.

Islamic Cairo highlights

Mamlouk period followed Salahdin, they were from different European origin, they founded their capitals in Cairo as they remained for two different dynasties, they built ones of the best madrasa, houses and complexes too.

The Ottoman period was almost all over the world back to that period from 1517 A.D. Turks were invading the whole world back then.

Turkish period left us alot of very nice and fine mosques which are around Islamic Cairo area.

Islamic Cairo highlights

By the end of the Turkish period we were sent Mohamed Ali the Albanian leader, who took very good care of the education, Egyptian irrigation canals, agriculture, and infrastructure and we call him the founder of modern Egypt, He built a very nice mosque in the citadel. Mohamed ali’s period was the last so-called Islamic perio, and his mosqueis considered as one of the highlights of Cairo.

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